Personal pronouns are the words "I", "you", "he", etc. They are used to
indicate a person who is the subject in a sentence (nominative). The
Dutch language knows the following personal pronouns:
||you (second person singular, informal / familiar)|
||you (second person singular, formal)|
||you (second person plural)|
Dutch personal pronouns show an important feature, namely the use of
the word jij and u. Jij is used in more informal or
familiar situations, for example when talking with friends, relatives,
children, or other people with whom it would be appropriate to be
familiar. However, when addressing people with a higher status, police
officers, teachers and professors, elderly people, or people you do not
know at all, the use of the pronoun u would be more appropriate.
Demonstrative pronouns express this/that, these/those. The form of the
demonstrative pronoun depends on whether the noun is a de-word or
For de-words the following demonstrative pronouns are used:
deze (this/these): deze man (this man), deze mannen (these men).
die (that/those): die man (that man), die mannen (those men).
For het-words the following demonstrative pronouns are used:
dit (this): dit kind (this cild), dit meisje (this girl).
dat (that): dat kind (that child), dat meisje (that girl).