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Dutch: Grammar > Irregular verbs

Knowing some of the Dutch grammar will help you understand how the language is build up, and it will also help you to understand the basic phrases better. The Dutch grammar guide presented at LanguageTrav.com should in no way be considered as complete, and if you would like to acquire an in-depth understanding we recomment you to purchase books or DVDs for further learning.

The good news is that especially when you are traveling to The Netherlands, virtually everyone will speak English as a second language. However, it is a polite gesture to ask first.

Below you will find a list of dutch irregular verbs. In the list, you will find the infinitive form, the first person singular past tense, as well as the past participle and the English translation. In case of an irregular infinitive form, the appropriate stem is provided as well.

Irregular verbs:

Infinitive Stem Past Participle English
begrijpen begrijp begreep begrepen to understand
bijten bijt beet gebeten to bite
binden bind bond gebonden to tie
breken breek brak gebroken to break
brengen breng bracht gebracht to bring
doen doe deed gedaan to do
dragen draag droeg gedragen to carry, to wear
drijven drijf dreef gedreven to float
drinken drink dronk gedronken to drink
duiken duik dook gedoken to dive
dwingen dwing dwong gedwongen to force (someone) to do (something)
eten eet at gegeten to eat
fluiten fluit floot gefloten to whistle
gaan ga ging gegaan to go
genieten geniet genoot genoten to enojoy
geven geef gaf gegeven to give
glijden glijd gleed gegleden to slide
graven graaf groef gegraven to dig
grijpen grijp greep gegrepen to grasp
hangen hang hing gehangen to hang
hebben heb had gehad to have
houden houd hield gehouden to hold
kiezen kies koos gekozen to choose
klinken klink klonk geklonken to sound
komen kom kwam gekomen to come
krijgen krijg kreeg gekregen to become
laten laat liet gelaten to let
liegen lieg loog gelogen to lie (not tell the truth)
liggen lig lag gelegen to lie (in horizontal position)
lijden lijd leed geleden to suffer
moeten moet moest gemoeten to have to
nemen neem nam genomen to take
rijden rijd reed gereden to drive
schieten schiet schoot geschoten to shoot
schrijven schrijf schreef geschreven to write
slaan sla sloeg geslaan to hit, to slap
snijden snijd sneed gesneden to cut
staan sta stond gestaan to stand
steken steek stak gestoken to stick, to stab
stelen steel stal gestolen to steal
vallen val viel gevallen to fall
vechten vecht vocht gevochten to fight
verdwijnen verdwijn verdween verdwenen to disappear
verstaan versta verstond verstaan to understand, to hear
vinden vind vond gevonden to find
vliegen vlieg vloog gevlogen to fly
vragen vraag vroeg gevraagd to ask
vriezen vries vroor gevroren to freeze
weten weet wist geweten to know
winnen win won gewonnen to win
worden word werd geworden to become
wrijven wrijf wreef gewreven to rubb
zien zie zag gezien to see
zingen zing zong gezongen to sing
zullen zal zou - to shall, will

<< Future tense The imperative >>

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